New Design for the National Archive/Library in Prague
by Alexander Daxböck
march 06, 2011
main core II
construction II model
billboard New York
Master Thesis , summer 2009
student: Alexander Daxböck
from: Vienna University of Technology , Austria
professor: Ass.Prof. Mag.art. Dr.techn. Walter Cernek (Institute of Architecture and Design )
category: culture building, experiment design
Topic of this work is the position and role of libraries in todays technical, shortliving society.
Followed by the question if it’s still necessary to build libraries in a digital (re)production age, how to handle and filter the amount of information nowadays and how it has to be presented, printed or visualized in words and graphics.
Next to this the theoretical part is focused on the history and development of libraries, it’s building typologies, the question how to handle and store items and is a kind of dictionary that tries to explain common expressions, trends and ´fashion words` next to the ordinary text.
For the design part a competition program mainly focused on storage and reading facilites was taken as a functional base. As a result of the research done on the building typology and its urban situation it was modified and extended by additional rooms.
Main idea was to seperate the functions of national archive(NA) and national library(NL) according to its needs. The northern part because of the less of natural light is occupied by the NA and its sensitive items with special storage conditions. The southern part hosts next to reading-/ study-/ seminarrooms of the NL also the main reading hall, orientated to the city of Prague.
In addition to this an idea of classifying rooms and functions was picked up – f ix e d and
changeable room s. Multifunctionality by keeping the main function of a room. To guarantee this the so called changeable rooms like atriums, exhibtion, media rooms and archives were located around the main rooms and allow an extension of the building by ensuring the main purposes.
The library more than a place to store and preserve knowledge, a public building that has to become public again for everyone, every age. An urban defined multilevel area for different medias with different actvivites and kinds of qualities, adjusted along extern (guidelines, limits, site, orientation...) and intern (functions, efficiency, light, view, connections...) parameters.
An interface between built environment and nature between u s e r and information.